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A hazardous material, commonly referred to as hazmat, is any item or agent (biological, chemical or physical) that has the potential to cause harm to humans, animals or the environment, either by itself or through interaction with other factors. The transport of hazardous materials is regulated by the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, an agency of DOT.
Chemical Storage Regulations Hazardous chemicals should be separated and stored in locked safety storage cabinets within a central chemical storage area. Federal regulations, state laws, and even insurance companies may dictate how hazardous chemicals must be stored.
Toxic chemicals, flammables and hazardous liquids are subject to various Federal Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) regulations; as well as rules and guidelines published in The Uniform Fire Code (UFC) and The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
EPA Regulations Per the EPA website , EPA's emergency management activities and regulations help protect the environment and human health from releases or discharges of oil, chemicals, or other hazardous substances. Because each hazardous substance has its own properties and behaviors, the potential for exposure and the nature of the effects vary widely. For more information on Chemicals and Hazardous Substances, visit: http://www.epa.gov/emergencies/content/learning/substances.htm
OSHA Regulations OSHA 1910.1450: "Bottles of corrosive liquids should be stored in acid containers ... To ensure that mutually reactive chemicals cannot accidentally contact one another, such substances should be stored in corrosion-resistant secondary containers."
The Uniform Fire Code (UFC) UFC 80.301 (n): "Storage of incompatible hazardous materials shall be separated. Separation shall be accomplished by ... Storing hazardous materials in storage cabinets ... Materials which are incompatible shall not be stored within the same cabinet."
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) NFPA Comments following section 4-3.1: "Finally, it must be remembered that these cabinets are designed and constructed for flammable and combustible liquid storage only ... incompatible materials, whether liquid or solid, should not be stored in these cabinets."