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Department of Transportation
A cabinet-level Department of Transportation was first established by an act of Congress and signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on October 15, 1966. Alan S. Boyd, the department's first secretary, took office on January 16, 1967. The department's first official day of operation was April 1, 1967.
The mission of the Department of Transportation, a cabinet-level executive department of the U.S. government, is to develop and coordinate policies that provide an efficient and economical national transportation system, with due regard for need, the environment and national defense. It is the primary agency in the federal government with the responsibility for shaping and administering policies and programs to protect and enhance the safety, adequacy and efficiency of the transportation system and services.
There are 11 administrations within the Department of Transportation:
- The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
- The Federal Highway Administration (FHA)
- The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
- The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
- The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
- The Federal Transit Administration (FTA)
- The Maritime Administration (MA)
- The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation (SLSDC)
- The Research and Innovative Technologies Administration (RITA)
- The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA)
- The Surface Transportation Board (STB)
The Transportation Security Agency and United States Coast Guard were transferred from the DOT to the Department of Homeland Security under the Homeland Security Act of 2002.